02-22-2019  3:52 am      •     
Nicole C. Lee, Transafrica Forum
Published: 12 March 2008

On a quiet Monday morning, when all the U.S. was focused on the run up to the primaries in Texas, Ohio, Rhode Island and Vermont, the Bush Administration, as part of the Global War on Terror, carried out air strikes in a small town in Southern Somalia.
Despite the fact that, as one U.S. military official maintains, the U.S. military "used precision missiles to strike a known terrorist target" on a possible fugitive from the al Qaeda terrorist network, reports from the local community leaders bear witness that three woman and three children were killed, as well as 20 civilians injured.
This bombing of innocent civilians in Dhoobley, Somalia is the latest in a disastrous two-year campaign of U.S. intervention in Somalia which has further destabilized that country, the region, and resulted in the death and displacement of large numbers of the Somali population. 
Somalia has been mired in civil war since 1988. In 1991, U.S. backed dictator Mohamed Siad Barre was overthrown by a coalition of opposing clans that united to form the United Somalia Congress. Shortly after the ousting of Barre, the United Somalia Congress fell apart and Somalia was plunged into a civil war that has resulted in the death of 400,000 people and displaced another 1.5 million. 
U.S. formal engagement began in 1992, under the administration of George H. W. Bush, with the airlifting of 48,000 tons of food and medical supplies to remote areas in Somalia over a six month period. 
By 1993, the Clinton Administration had shifted U.S. policy from delivering food supplies to nation-building. This nation-building policy was a failure that ended disastrously in the first Battle of Mogadishu where 19 U.S. soldiers were killed and another 79 were injured.
For the next 14 years the U.S. government's engagement with Somalia shifted to quiet diplomacy and covert intelligence gathering until the beginning of George W. Bush's Global War on Terror (GWOT).   
As part of the GWOT, the U.S. government quietly poured weapons and military advisors into Ethiopia in the hopes that Ethiopia would become involved in Somalia's civil war and help to overturn the fundamentalist Islamic government, the Islamic Courts Union. The Bush administration maintained that the Islamic Courts Union was supported by al-Qaeda. 
In July 2006, a few thousand heavily armed and U.S.-trained Ethiopian troops invaded Somalia and opened a new front in the Bush administration's war on terrorism.   
And while the Ethiopia government had reasons of its own for intervening in Somalia's civil war, there can be no doubt that Ethiopia's actions were largely done on behalf of the United States.
The U.S. government has never publicly taken responsibility for their role in further destabilizing Somalia and the Horn of Africa region, which also includes Eritrea and Djibouti.  
The Bush Administration has admitted that the U.S. and Ethiopian militaries have "a close working relationship," which includes intelligence sharing, arms aid and training that gives the Ethiopians "the capacity to defend their borders and intercept terrorists and weapons of mass destruction."
By January 2007, within six months of Ethiopia's invasion of Somalia, the United States began to conduct air strikes in southern Somalia against suspected al Qaeda targets and members of the as part of the U.S. Global War on Terror. Those January 2007 air strikes, similar to the bombing on Monday, were confirmed by U.S. officials as a failure. Now almost one year later, the Bush Administration is reengaging in this failed tactic. 
For the 80,000 Somalis and Somali-Americans living in Minneapolis, Portland, Washington, D.C., Seattle, the question remains: Why is their government and the U.S. government continuing to act in ways that terrorize their families in Somalia under the guise of fighting terror? That is a question that we, as American citizens, have to also ask. 

Nicole C. Lee is the executive director of TransAfrica Forum.

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