WASHINGTON (NNPA) – Despite the clear mandate that America's new president prioritize the reparation of the economy, jobs and tax-related issues, many other issues deserve top billing, say Black political observers.
Judicial appointments, voting rights, international relations and education are among other issues on a wish list for African Americans and civil rights advocates.
"The retreat on diversity in [federal courts] in recent years has made the issue more important for the next president," says Leslie Proll, director, Washington Office, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. "There will be much work to do just restoring some diversity to many courts, let alone improving upon it."
Diversity in the Courts
Supreme Court justices get lifetime presidential appointments, but due to possible retirements, as many as three justices may be appointed by the new president and hundreds to lower federal courts, to make decisions on race-related issues from affirmative action to civil rights.
Some not only see racial and cultural sensitivity, but racial diversity as a key to fairness in judicial appointments. The Bush administration has appointed few Black judges, only 25 out of his 324 judicial appointments.
The lack of appointments of African-Americans, coupled with retirements of African-Americans from federal benches, has caused a decline in Black judgeships across the nation, despite past gains.
The fight for civil rights is still not over despite the historic nature of this year's presidential election. Harvard Law School Professor Charles Ogletree underscores civil rights – even the right to free and fair elections - as a key issue that must be dealt with early in the new administration.
"The critical civil right for 2008 is one person one vote, so many people - and particularly Black people - find themselves in the same position of their parents and grand parents whose efforts to vote were frustrated," Ogletree says. "Dr. King and Justice Thurgood Marshall fought valiantly for the right to vote. If the experiences of people of color in Florida in 2000 and Ohio in 2004 tell us anything, it is that the precious right to vote is as much an issue in the 21st century as it was in the 20th century."
Prospective voters found that to be true in this year's election as tricks were played and misleading information was distributed; including a flyer in Virginia that read, "Get out the vote on Nov. 5," – the day after the election.
As much as domestic issues are on the minds of Black leaders, the new presidential administration must also focus on America's relationships in the world in the midst of war and hostility, says Gloria Sawyer, a political science lecturer at Chicago State University, who also specializes in international affairs.
"One of the key, if not pivotal issues that will face the newly elected U.S. president, is to successfully redefine American foreign policy strategies amidst impending international crisis, military engagements, mounting cost of sustaining U.S. troops in Iraqi, all while repairing eroded international diplomatic relations and strategic global coalitions in the community of nations," says Sawyer. "Further, he must develop a viable exit strategy for removing U.S. troops from Iraqi soil."
Sawyer also points out that the confidence of Americans in its own government must be restored as terror-fighting mechanisms such as the USA Patriot Act - which allows some telephone and email surveillance without search warrant or court-order -seems to have gone too far. Specifically, she points out the "'unauthorized' random surveillance of U. S. citizens under the Bush administration'," that civil and human rights experts have viewed as breaches in American rights to privacy.
But it's the every day so-called "bread and butter" issues, such as culturally inclusive educational curricula that's on the mind of Dr. E. Faye Williams.
African-American educational experts, including Dr. Jawanza Kunjufu, author of "Countering the Conspiracy to Destroy Black Boys," have contended that the more Black children learn about their noble African heritage, the better their chances of self-esteem that will cause improved educational performance.
But, often, the contributions of African-Americans are not fully included in classroom teaching of American history.
Educational issues were at the top of the list for several African American rights advocates interviewed by the NNPA News Service.
Dr. Julia Hare, co-founder of the San Francisco-based Black Think Tank with her husband, Nathan Hare, who have co-authored a book, "The Miseducation of the Black Child," says the new president would do well to advocate the incorporation of the entire community educational programs by creating "success activities" for children instead of "failure activities" that so often distract and engage them.
"Right now we have lost control of our children's minds," says Hare. "We've lost the authority to discipline, at home and at school, and we are no longer able to give our children a clear core to their personalities or to prepare them for what we want them to be or become."
The quality of education across the board must be addressed, says Wade Henderson, president and CEO of the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights. However, citizens must realize that it's the community – not just the president – who must do most of the work.
"Unfortunately, the president's role in education is limited as it is not a civil right provided by the Constitution," Henderson says. "Our job in the civil rights community is to make the country aware that quality education is a right for all, and that if states won't act; the federal government should step in…For the Black community, there is no more important issue on their minds."