02-19-2017  3:24 pm      •     
McMenamins

1929 — Martin Luther King Jr. is born to the Rev. and Mrs. Martin Luther King Sr. (formerly Alberta Christine Williams) in Atlanta, Ga., on Jan. 15.


1935-1944 — King attends the segregated David T. Howard Elementary School in Atlanta, the University Laboratory School and Booker T. Washington High School.


1947 — The Rev. King is licensed to preach.


1948 — The Rev. King is ordained to the Baptist ministry and appointed associate pastor at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. He graduates from Morehouse College with a bachelor's degree in sociology and enters Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, Pa. After hearing the Revs. A.J. Muste and Mordecai W. Johnson preach on the life and teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, he begins to study Gandhi seriously.


1951 — The Rev. King graduates from Crozer with a Bachelor of Divinity degree. In June, the Rev. King marries Coretta Scott in Marion, Ala.


1954 — The Supreme Court of the United States rules unanimously in Brown v. Board of Education that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional.


1955 — The Rev. King earns a Ph.D. in Systematic Theology from Boston University. The Kings' first child, Yolanda Denise, is born. Mrs. Rosa Parks, a 42-year-old Montgomery, Ala., seamstress, refuses to relinquish her bus seat to a White man and is arrested, sparking the Montgomery bus boycott. The Rev. King is unanimously elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association.


1956 — The Rev. King is arrested on a charge of traveling 30 miles per hour in a 25 mile-per-hour zone in Montgomery. He is released. A bomb is thrown onto the porch of the Rev. King's Montgomery home. Mrs. King is inside with her baby, but no one is injured.
The Rev. King is indicted with other figures in the Montgomery bus boycott on the charge of being party to a conspiracy to hinder and prevent the operation of business without "just or legal cause."
A United States District Court rules that racial segregation on city bus lines is unconstitutional.
Federal injunctions prohibiting segregation on buses are served on state, city and bus company officials in Montgomery. In December, Montgomery buses are integrated.


1957 — An unexploded bomb is discovered on the front porch of the Kings' house.
The Southern Christian LeadershipConference (SCLC) is founded.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower federalizes the Arkansas National Guard to escort nine Black students to an all-White high school in Little Rock.
In September, the first Civil Rights Act since Reconstruction is passed by Congress, creating the Civil Rights Commission and the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice.
The Kings' second child, Martin Luther III, is born.


1958 — The Rev. King, along with Roy Wilkins of the NAACP, A. Philip Randolph and Lester Granger, meet with President Eisenhower.
The Rev. King is arrested on a charge of loitering — later changed to "failure to obey an officer" — in the vicinity of the Montgomery Recorder's Court. He is released on $100 bond.
The Rev. King is convicted after pleading not guilty on the charge of failure to obey an officer. Over the Rev. King's objection, Montgomery Police Commissioner Clyde C. Sellers pays the fine.
In Harlem, N.Y., the Rev. King is stabbed in the chest by Izola Curry, who is subsequently alleged to be mentally ill.


1959 — The Rev. and Mrs. King spend a month in India studying Gandhi's techniques of nonviolence.


1960 — Students in Greensboro, N.C., hold the first lunch counter sit-in to desegregate eating facilities.
A warrant is issued for the Rev. King's arrest on charges that he had falsified his 1956 and 1958 Alabama state income tax returns. Later an all-White jury acquits him.
At an Atlanta sit-in, the Rev. King is arrested and jailed on a charge of trespassing. Later the trespassing charges are dropped. All jailed demonstrators are released except the Rev. King, who is held on a charge of violating a probated sentence in a traffic arrest case. He is finally released on a $2,000 bond.
Dexter Scott is born to the Rev. and Mrs. King.
In May, the first group of Freedom Riders, intent on integrating interstate buses, leaves Washington, D.C. The bus is burned outside of Anniston, Ala., on May 14, and a Birmingham, Ala., mob beats the Freedom Riders. The Freedom Riders are arrested in Jackson, Miss., and spend 40 to 60 days in Parchman Penitentiary.
The Rev. King visits Albany, Ga. in response to a call from the Rev. W.G. Anderson, the leader of the Albany movement to desegregate public facilities. At a demonstration, he is arrested and charged with obstructing the sidewalk and parading without a permit.


1962 — The Rev. King is tried and convicted for leading the December march in Albany, Ga. He is arrested at an Albany City Hall prayer vigil and jailed on charges of failure to obey a police officer, obstructing the sidewalk and disorderly conduct.
That fall, James Meredith makes his first attempt to enroll at the University of Mississippi. He is enrolled by Supreme Court order and escorted onto the Oxford, Miss., campus by U.S. Marshals.


1963 — The Kings' fourth child, Bernice Albertine, is born.
Sit-in demonstrations are held in Birmingham, Ala., to protest segregation. The Rev. King is arrested during a demonstration, and writes his "Letter From a Birmingham Jail" while imprisoned for demonstrating.
Eugene "Bull" Connor, director of public safety for Birmingham, orders the use of police dogs and fire hoses against the marching protesters, including young adults and children.
The Supreme Court of the United States rules Birmingham's segregation ordinances unconstitutional.
The Rev. King's book, Strength to Love, is published.
Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace tries to stop the court-ordered integration of the University of Alabama by "standing in the schoolhouse door" and personally refusing entrance to Black students and Justice Department officials. President John F. Kennedy then federalizes the Alabama National Guard, and Wallace removes himself from blocking the entry of the Negro students.
Medgar Evers, an NAACP leader in Jackson, Miss., is assassinated at his home in the early morning darkness.
In August, the March on Washington, the first large integrated protest march, is held in Washington, D.C. The Rev. King delivers his "I Have a Dream" speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Afterward, he and other civil rights leaders meet with President John F. Kennedy in the White House.
In September, Gov. Wallace orders Alabama state troopers to stop the court-ordered integration of Alabama's elementary and high schools until prevented by court injunction. Four young girls are killed in a Birmingham church bombing.
In November, President Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas.


1964 — The Rev. King joins a demonstration for the integration of public accommodations in St. Augustine, Fla. He is jailed.
Three civil rights workers, James Chaney, who is Black, and Andrew Goodman and Michael Schwerner, both White, are reported missing after a short trip to Philadelphia, Miss. Their bodies are not found until the following year. Neshoba County Sheriff Rainey and his deputy, Cecil Price, are allegedly implicated in the murders.
The Rev. King and the Rev. Ralph Abernathy visit West Berlin, Germany, at the invitation of Mayor Willy Brandt.
The Rev. King has an audience with Pope Paul VI at the Vatican.
The Rev. King receives the Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo, Norway.


1965 — Malcolm X, leader of the Organization of Afro-American Unity and former Black Muslim leader, is murdered in New York City.
More than 3,000 protests marchers leave Selma, Ala., for a march to Montgomery, protected by federal troops. They are joined along the way by 25,000 marchers. Upon reaching the capitol, they hear an address by the Rev. King. Viola Liuzzo, wife of a Detroit Teamsters Union business agent, is shot and killed while driving a carload of marchers back to Selma.
In Alabama, the SCLC spearheads voter registration campaigns in December, Green, Wilcox and Eutaw counties and in the cities of Montgomery and Birmingham.
The 1965 Voting Rights Act is signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson.
In Watts, the Black ghetto of Los Angeles, riots leave a total of 35 dead. Twenty-eight are Black.


1966 — The Rev. King tours Alabama to help elect Black candidates. The Alabama primary election is held, and for the first time since Reconstruction, Blacks vote in significant numbers.
An antiwar statement by the Rev. King is read at a large Washington rally to protest the war in Vietnam.
Stokely Carmichael and Willie Ricks, of the SNCC, use the slogan "Black Power" in public for the first time.
James Meredith is shot soon after beginning his 220-mile "March Against Fear" from Memphis, Tenn., to Jackson, Miss.
The Rev. King launches a drive to make Chicago an "open city" with regard to housing. The Rev. King is pelted by stones as he leads a march through crowds of angry Whites in Southwest Chicago.
The SCLC launches a project with the aim of integrating schools in Grenada, Miss., and initiates the Alabama Citizen Education Project in Wilcox County.


1967 — The Rev. King writes his book, Where Do We Go From Here: Chaos or Community? while in Jamaica.
Alabama is ordered to desegregate all public schools.
The Rev. King attacks the government's Vietnam policy in a Chicago speech.
A Black student is killed in a riot on the campus of all-Black Jackson State College in Jackson, Miss.
The Justice Department reports that more than 50 percent of all eligible Black voters are registered in Mississippi, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana and South Carolina.
Forty-three die and 324 are injured in the Detroit riots, the worst of the century. The Rev. King and fellow Black leaders A. Philip Randolph, Roy Wilkins and Whitney Young appeal for an end to the riots, "which have proved ineffective and damaging to the civil rights cause and the entire nation."
The Supreme Court upholds the contempt-of-court convictions of the Rev. King and seven other Black leaders who led the 1963 marches in Birmingham, Ala. The Rev. King and his aides serve four-day sentences.
The Rev. King announces the formation of a Poor People's Campaign, with the aim of representing the problems of poor Blacks and Whites.


1968 — The Rev. King's last speech, "I've Been to the Mountaintop," isdelivered at the Memphis, Tenn., Masonic Temple. The Rev. King is assassinated as he stands talking on the balcony of his second-floor room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis. He dies in St. Joseph's Hospital from a gunshot wound to the neck. The Rev. King is later buried in Atlanta.


1986 — Following passage of Public Law 98-144, President Ronald W. Reagan signs a proclamation declaring the third Monday in January of each year a public holiday in honor of the birthday of the Rev King.

Recently Published by The Skanner News

  • Default
  • Title
  • Date
  • Random
  • WASHINGTON (AP) — One month after the inauguration, the stretch of Pennsylvania Avenue in front of Donald Trump's White House still is a hard-hat zone. Skeletal remains of the inaugural reviewing stands poke skyward. Random piles of plywood and cables are heaped on the ground inside crooked lines of metal fencing. The disarray outside the president's front door, though not his fault, serves as a metaphor for the tumult still unfolding inside. Four weeks in, the man who says he inherited "a mess" at home and abroad is presiding over a White House that is widely described as itself being a mess. At a stunning pace, Trump has riled world leaders and frustrated allies. He was dealt a bruising legal blow on one of his signature policies. He lost his national security adviser and his pick for labor secretary to scandal. He's seen forces within his government push back against his policies and leak confidential information. All of this has played out amid a steady drip of revelations about an FBI investigation into his campaign's contacts with Russian intelligence officials. Trump says his administration is running like a "fine-tuned machine." He points to the rising stock market and the devotion of his still-loyal supporters as evidence that all is well, although his job approval rating is much lower than that for prior presidents in their first weeks in office. Stung by the unrelenting criticism coming his way, Trump dismisses much of it as "fake news" delivered by "the enemy of the people" — aka the press. Daily denunciations of the media are just one of the new White House fixtures Americans are adjusting to. Most days start (and end) with presidential tweets riffing off of whatever's on TV talk shows or teasing coming events or hurling insults at the media. At some point in the day, count on Trump to cast back to the marvels of his upset of Democrat Hillary Clinton in the November election and quite possibly overstate his margins of support. Expect more denunciations of the "dishonest" press and its "fake news." From there, things can veer in unexpected directions as Trump offers up policy pronouncements or offhand remarks that leave even White House aides struggling to interpret them. The long-standing U.S. policy of seeking a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict? Trump this past week offered this cryptic pronouncement: "I'm looking at two-state and one-state, and I like the one that both parties like. I can live with either one." His U.N. ambassador, Nikki Haley, the next day insisted, "We absolutely support a two-state solution." Trump's days are busy. Outside groups troop in for "listening sessions." Foreign leaders call or come to visit. (Or, in the case of Mexico's president, cancel out in pique over Trump's talk about the planned border wall.) After the president signed two dozen executive actions, the White House was awaiting a rush order of more of the gold-plated Cross pens that Trump prefers to the chrome-plated ones used by his predecessor. Trump hands them out as souvenirs at the signing ceremonies that he points to as evidence of his ambitious pace. "This last month has represented an unprecedented degree of action on behalf of the great citizens of our country," Trump said at a Thursday news conference. "Again, I say it. There has never been a presidency that's done so much in such a short period of time." That's all music to the ears of his followers, who sent him to Washington to upend the established order and play the role of disrupter. "I can't believe there's actually a politician doing what he says he would do," says an approving Scott Hiltgen, a 66-year-old office furniture sales broker from River Falls, Wisconsin. "That never happens." Disrupt Trump has. But there may be more sound and fury than substance to many of his early actions. Trump did select Judge Neil Gorsuch to replace the late Antonin Scalia on the Supreme Court, a nomination that has drawn strong reviews from conservatives. But the president is regrouping on immigration after federal judges blocked his order to suspend the United States' refugee program and ban visitors from seven Muslim-majority countries, which had caused chaos for travelers around the globe. Some other orders on issues such as the U.S.-Mexico border wall and former President Barack Obama's health care law are of limited effect. Trump says his early actions show he means to deliver on the promises he made during the campaign. "A lot of people say, 'Oh, oh, Trump was only kidding with the wall,'" the president told a group of police chiefs recently. "I wasn't kidding. I don't kid." But the Republican-led Congress is still waiting to see specifics on how Trump wants to proceed legislatively on top initiatives such as replacing the health care law, enacting tax cuts and revising trade deals. The messy rollout of the travel ban and tumult over the ouster of national security adviser Michael Flynn for misrepresenting his contacts with Russia are part of a broader state of disarray as different figures in Trump's White House jockey for power and leaks reveal internal discord in the machinations of the presidency. "I thought by now you'd at least hear the outlines of domestic legislation like tax cuts," says Princeton historian Julian Zelizer. "But a lot of that has slowed. Trump shouldn't mistake the fact that some of his supporters like his style with the fact that a lot of Republicans just want the policies he promised them. He has to deliver that." Put Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., in the camp of those more interested in substance than style. "I'm not a great fan of daily tweets," McConnell said Friday, referring to the "extra discussion" that Trump likes to engage in. But McConnell was quick to add: "What I am a fan of is what he's been actually doing." He credits Trump with assembling a conservative Cabinet and taking steps to reduce government regulation, and promised: "We like his positions and we're going to pursue them as vigorously as we can." The challenge may be to tease out exactly what Trump wants in the way of a health care plan, tax changes and trade policy. At his long and defiant news conference on Thursday, Trump tried to dispel the impression of a White House in crisis, squarely blaming the press for keeping him from moving forward more decisively on his agenda. Pointing to his chief of staff, Reince Priebus, Trump said, "You take a look at Reince, he's working so hard just putting out fires that are fake fires. I mean, they're fake. They're not true. And isn't that a shame because he'd rather be working on health care, he'd rather be working on tax reform." For all the frustrations of his early days as president, Trump still seems tickled by the trappings of his office. When New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie visited the White House last week to discuss the national opioid epidemic over lunch, the governor said Trump informed him: "Chris, you and I are going to have the meatloaf.'" Trump added: "I'm telling you, the meatloaf is fabulous." ___Follow Nancy Benac on Twitter at http://twitter.com/nbenac
    Read More
  • FDR executive order sent 120,000 Japanese immigrants and citizens into camps
    Read More
  • Pruitt's nomination was strongly opposed by environmental groups and hundreds of former EPA employees
    Read More
load morehold SHIFT key to load allload all
Oregon Lottery
Carpentry Professionals
Calendar

PHOTO GALLERY

Reed College Jobs
His Eye is on the Sparrow