Corinne Jacqueline Bailey was born in Leeds, England, on Feb. 26, 1979, the eldest of three girls to bless the union of her British mother and Caribbean father from St. Kitts. As a child, she studied classical violin at school, and only sang in the church choir, until she formed an all-female rock band at the age of 15.
Corrine went on to major in English at the University of Leeds, and after graduating in 2000, took a job as a hat check girl at a local jazz club. It was there, while sitting in with various bands that she developed the sultry, soulful vocal style which would become her trademark. It was also at the pub that she met saxophonist Jason Rae, the love whose last name she would take when they married the very next year.
In 2006, she released her self-titled debut CD containing such hits as "Like a Star" and "Put Your Records On" to rave reviews, earning Grammy nominations for Record of the Year, Song of the Year ("Put Your Records On") and Best New Artist. Sadly, tragedy struck a couple years later, when her husband passed away unexpectedly.
A period of withdrawal from the public eye to grieve ended when Corinne reemerged in 2010 upon the release of her second album, "The Sea," a relatively-sober CD in comparison to the light and breezy collection of melodies on her initial offering. Recently, she reflected with me about her life and her career, in celebration of her PBS special, "Live from the Artists Den," a concert recorded at the Hiro Ballroom in New York City.
Kam Williams: Thanks so much for the time, Corinne. I'm honored to be speaking with you.
Corinne Bailey Rae: Thank you.
KW: Did you have fun shooting the "Live from the Artists Den" concert in New York?
CBR: I really enjoyed recording it, yeah. I had great time in front of a really appreciative audience. The way that it was recorded was really unobtrusive, so we really kind of got lost in the moment. So, yeah, I loved it.
KW: Do you have a special affinity for New York?
CBR: Yes, New York was definitely one of the first gigs we did in America. And that was also my first chance to get to New York. So, the first time I ever saw it I was playing there. It's all tied up for me, playing in America for the first time, being in New York, experiencing this different culture, and finding this cool place to hang out. So, I always love coming back to New York.
KW: Children's book author Irene Smalls asks, "Who were your musical influences?" Let me guess, Billie Holiday and Al Green. You remind me of a combination of them.
CBR: Wow! I definitely love Al Green's singing, how vulnerable and delicate it is, and how there's a lot of texture to his voice. And similarly, Billie Holiday has a great deal of texture in his voice. She was an amazing find for me at 11 or 12 when me mum started playing her records for me. I remember being a little annoyed that I hadn't discovered her voice before, because I always had so much texture in my voice, and always loved singing, but never really considered myself a singer because of that croakiness which I'd never heard in another singer. So, I was always trying to get rid of that croakiness. Then, Billie Holiday arrived like a real lightning bolt letting me know that there was a place for me. In fact, there'd been a place for me all along. And later I appreciated singers like Bjork, who was really special to me, and Macy Gray and Erykah Badu. They were all influences in the sense that they give you more confidence in your abilities. I also love Sly and the Family Stone and Jimi Hendrix. Jimi singing's so casual, and his phrases amaze me. And when I was a teenager, I loved Nirvana's kind of homemade music, and Belly and the female indie scene. It was amazing to me how their songs could be dainty and small, yet still have value.
KW: When you say "homemade" music, it makes me think of your Grammy-nominated debut album, a masterpiece which you managed to make on a shoestring budget. How did you achieve that?
CBR: Wow! Thank you very much. I guess we worked on it a lot, did a lot of the playing ourselves, did a lot of layering, and we called in a lot of favors. For instance, we'd ask a friend to come over and play bass on a few songs. And we couldn't afford drummers, so we began trolling for different drums sounds, and we kind of intricately pieced them together. So, it was really time consuming, but in a way it was good because you had a great deal of control over what was happening in all the different sections. Yeah, if you have the time to make a record like that, I think it's a good way to work.
KW: By contrast, I found it interesting to hear you on stage say that you sort oof just found yourself singing the songs that you put on your new album, "The Sea," that that's how they came to you, rather than by composing them in a conventional manner.
CBR: Yeah, it was weird. I felt with this record I wanted to work on my own. I was sort of making it up, as I went along. I wasn't trying so hard. When I was playing the chords, I was just kind of singing things out, sometimes recording it, but sometimes not, and just singing along. And it's the stuff that stuck that I felt the song was meant to be. Other times, I'd be walking around the house singing something new, and say to myself, "Now, what was that?" And it eventually ended up on the album. I think because other people weren't involved, it was a much less conscious process. It was just me in a room playing my guitar, and with all this stuff coming out… trying to sing words without thinking about what they meant or putting a filter on them. That was really an important part of the process.
KW: That's funny, because the first album sounded so effortless, while the new one has so much emotional depth, I would have guessed that the second was the result of a more work-intensive process.
CBR: Yeah, when you write breezy melodies, you really have to think about it. I love melodic music, but it's definitely more of an effort for me. It's a skill I'd like to develop further, maybe for my next record.
KW: Larry Greenberg says, "I am completely mesmerized by the beauty of your new album. I know you studied the violin but you don't play it anymore. Is there any chance I might get to hear you play the violin in the future?
CBR: It's a hard instrument, especially to get the intonation right, if you haven't played it in a long time. It's a completely different discipline, but yeah, I would love one day to mess about, sit and write some string parts and sort of layer them up. And if my playing were good enough, I would be really happy to play violin on a record. But I haven't played for so long, I don't know how good I would be.
KW: What age were you when you studied violin?
CBR: I started when I was about 6, and I studied it until I was 16. I played in youth orchestras.
KW: Were you good at it?
CBR: Maybe the first 5 years or so I was really good for my age, and stood out. But then it started too catch up with me, and I started to struggle, because I never could afford private lessons.
KW: Larry also mentioned that you were on tour in August with Norah Jones. He wants to know what's your favorite flavor of Chex Mix, because Norah sang a song about that cereal.
CBR: I like Frosties. We don't have Chex Mix in England. We have Frosties.
KW: Yale Grad Tommy Russell asks, "Do you think the music industry suffered an irreparable period from Napster and other online downloading sites, and from the music industry's obsession with appearance over substance, or do you think there's hope for hearing more and more creative musicians like yourself?"
CBR: I think the industry really suffered from music being available online because it made young people feel, "why should you pay for music, if it's so readily available for free?"
KW: Attorney Bernadette Beekman asks, "Do you prefer performing in a large stadium or in front of a small audience?
CBR: I guess I've played a few massive gigs, and they're a thrill if they go well. But I mostly prefer to play more intimate venues where you can see everyone and everyone can see you. I recently did a concert in Switzerland, where they actually had a couple of huge screens on either side of the stage. It was strange, because when you look out into the audience, no one's looking at you. Everyone's looking to the far left or to the far right. I found it quite disconcerting. So, I much prefer when everyone can see me and vice-versa, up to 3,000 or 4,000 people. After that, it gets too big.
KW: Is there any question no one ever asks you, that you wish someone would?
CBR: Nothing springs to mind.
KW: The Tasha Smith question: Are you ever afraid?
CBR: Yeah, we were driving back from a festival on a tour bus the other day, when we felt this sort of really hard brake, and we all sort of slid down in our bunks to the bottom. Things like that are scary, that brief moment when you think, "Oh no, we're in a car crash." It was a relief to be able to escape safely. But things like that which are out of your control can be shocking.
KW: The Teri Emerson question: When was the last time you had a good laugh?
CBR: That's a very good question, actually. It's kind of sad that I can't remember when. I haven't a real, proper abandoned laughing fit for a while. Yeah, I haven't fallen out laughing on the floor for ages.
KW: When you look in the mirror, what do you see?
CBR: I always think it's weird when you see yourself in mirrors. I try not to look in mirrors. I think people can overanalyze how they look. When I do look in the mirror, I feel like I didn't think I looked like that. I don't like looking at myself so much. I'm not one of those people who poses in front of the mirror.
KW: The Ling-Ju Yen question: What is your earliest childhood memory?
CBR: My earliest childhood memory is of a really hot morning when I was about 3. I was living with my parents in this fifth-floor flat where one of the walls was all windows. The sun was just beating in, and I remember a friend coming around, and he brought me a box-toy present in a plastic bag. Out of it came a stuffed penguin. It always stuck with me, so I must have liked the penguin.
KW: You're from Leeds. Also from your hometown is Mel B of the Spice Girls. Have you ever met her?
CBR: I've never met her. But I have met her sister, Danielle a few times, because she attended the same acting school as my sister, Rhea Bailey, who is also an actress.
KW: The bookworm Troy Johnson question: What was the last book you read?
CBR: "The History of White People" by Nell Irvin Painter. It's a really, really interesting book which goes through history examining where this idea of different people came from. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0393049345?ie=UTF8&tag=thslfofire-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0393049345
KW: I've interviewed Nell. She used to teach here in Princeton.
CBR: Really. I'd like to meet her. I also recently read "The Long Song," a novel by a British writer name Andrea Levy. It's sort of a fictionalized slave narrative. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0374192170?ie=UTF8&tag=thslfofire-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0374192170
KW: The music maven Heather Covington question: What music are you listening to?
CBR: I'm listening to Erykah Badu's new record. I really like that. We went to a listening party for that, and I just love it. I've got it on vinyl, which is a real pain, because we're sort of in and out of airports, and I have to pack it in my suitcase. http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B003597ORA?ie=UTF8&tag=thslfofire-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=B003597ORA
I also listen Fresh, the Young Natives, and to an American singer named John Grant,
KW: What is your favorite dish to cook?
CBR: I like to cook stews and things, dishes where the heat does all the work. So, it's just like chopping and flaving. Veggie chili would be my favorite thing to cook because it's really great but not much work.
KW: The Uduak Oduok question: Who is your favorite clothes designer?
CBR: I really like Stella McCartney, and what Marc Jacobs is doing. It would be like Louis Vuitton, Prada, Marc Jacobs, Lanvin, Stella and Miu-Miu. She's always got great ideas that are really fun, really cool, and really different.
KW: If you could have one wish instantly granted, what would that be for?
CBR: For increased tolerance of individuality among people. It's all of our world.
KW: The Tavis Smiley question: What do you want your legacy to be?
CBR: Professionally, writing good songs. Personally, I'm not sure yet.
KW: Corinne, thanks again for the interview, and best of luck with the album and the tour.
CBR: Oh, thank you very much.
Corinne's and other stars' "Live from the Artists Den" episodes continue to air weekly on public television. Check local listings or wnet.org/artistsden for the schedule.
Order a copy of Corinne's debut album, "Corinne Bailey Rae"