04 21 2015
  7:39 am  
40 Years of Service

1.     Your History: From the Beginning of Time to Present    By J.A. Rogers
2.     African People in World History   By John Henrik Clarke
3.     Africa: Mother of Civilization   By Yosef be-Jochannon
4.     Fifty Days on Board a Slave Vessel     By Pascoe G. Hill
5.     The Origin of Race and Color    By Martin R. Delany
6.     100 Amazing Facts about the Negro with Complete Proof   By J.A. Rogers
7.     The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of Race from 4500 B.C. to 2000 A.D.  By Chancellor Williams
8.     From Slavery to Freedom:  A History of African Americans    By John Hope Franklin
9.     The Negro in the Making of AmericaBy Benjamin Quarles
10.   Before the Mayflower: A History of Black America (1619-1962)    By Lerone Bennett, Jr.
11.   Frederick Douglass   By Benjamin Quarles
12.   Harriet Tubman: The Road to Freedom  By Catherine Clinton
13.   In the Matter of Color: Race and the American Legal Process  By A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr.
14.   David Walker's Appeal
15.   The Militant South, 1800-1861    By John Hope Franklin
16.   The Strange Career of Jim Crow   By C. Vann Woodward
17.   Origins of the New South, 1877–1913  By C. Vann Woodward
18.   The Ku Klux Spirit    By J.A. Rogers
19.   100 Years of Lynching    By Alan Ginzburg
20.   At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America   By Philip Dray
21.   The Autobiography of W.E. B. DuBois
22.   Up from Slavery  By Booker T. Washington
23.   The Soul of Black Folk     By W.E. B. DuBois
24.   The Guardian of Boston: William Monroe Trotter     By Stephen R. Fox
25.   Crusader for Justice: The Autobiography of Ida B. Wells
26.   A Sword Among Lions: Ida B. Wells and the Campaign Against Lynching   By Paula J.Giddings
27.   The Negro in the Civil War      By Benjamin Quarles
28.   Black Reconstruction   By W.E.B. DuBois
29.   Black Power U.S.A.: The Human Side of Reconstruction 1867-1877 By Lerone Bennett, Jr.
30.   Forced into Glory: Abraham Lincoln's White Dream   By Lerone Bennett, Jr.
31.   The Mis-Education of the Negro   By Carter G. Woodson
32.   Mary McLeod Bethune: Building a Better World: Essays and Selected Documents  Edited by Audrey Thomas McCluskey and  Elaine M. Smith
33.   The Philadelphia Negro   By W.E. B. DuBois
34.   W.E.B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868-1919  (Winner of the 1994 Pulitzer Prize for Biography) by David Levering Lewis
35.   W.E.B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century (Winner of the 2001 Pulitzer Prize for Biography) by David Levering Lewis
36.   The Philosophy and Opinions of Marcus Garvey   Edited by Amy Jacques Garvey
37.   The Marcus Garvey and Universal Negro Improvement Association Papers  Edited by Robert A. Hill
38.   Shades of Freedom  By A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr.
39.   On Her Own Ground: The Life and Times of Madam C. J. Walker   By A'Lelia Bundles
40.   Buffalo Soldiers    By Tom Willard
41.    Here I Stand    By Paul Robeson
42.   The Undiscovered Paul Robeson      By Paul Robeson, Jr.
43.   Paul Robeson: A Biography   By Martin Duberman
44.   Banneker: The Afro-American Astrologer   By Will W. and David Murray
45.   Only the Ball Was White: A History of Legendary Black Players and All-Black Professional Teams      By Robert Peterson
46.   I Never Had It Made   By Jackie Robinson
47.   Jackie Robinson: A Biography   By Arnold Rampersad
48.   A Hard Road to Glory: A History of African-American Athletes (Three Volumes)    By Arthur R. Ashe, Jr
49.   Stephin Fletchit: The Life and Times of Lincoln Perry    By Mel Watkins
50.   Fighting for America: Black Soldiers – The Unsung Heroes of World War II   By Christopher Paul Moore
51.   Go Up for Glory     By Bill Russell
52.   Born to Rebel: An Autobiography    By Benjamin Mays
53.   All Deliberate Speed: Reflecting on the First Half Century of Brown v. Board of Education    By Charles J. Ogletree, Jr.
54.   Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings of Martin Luther King, Jr. Edited by James M. Washington
55.   An American Death:  The True Story of the Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Greatest Manhunt of Our Time   By Gerold Frank    
56.   Code Name  Zorro: The Murder of Martin Luther King, Jr.   By Mark Lane and Dick Gregory
57.   And the Walls Came Tumbling Down     By Ralph David Abernathy
58.   Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement   By John Lewis
59.   An Easy Burden: The Civil Rights Movement and the Transformation of America   By Andrew Young, Jr.
60.   A Time to Speak, a Time to ACT: The Movement in Politics      By Julian Bond
61.   To Praise Our Bridges: An Autobiography     By Fannie Lou Hamer
62.   The Autobiography of Medgar Evers: A Hero's Life and Legacy Revealed Through His Writings, Letters, and Speeches    By Myrlie Evers-Williams
63.   In the Struggle: SNCC and Black Awakening in the 1960s    By Clayborn Carson
64.   SNCC: The New Abolitionists     By Howard Zinn
65.   Soon We Will Not Cry: The Liberation of Ruby Doris Smith Robinson  By Cynthia Griggs Fleming
66.   Lay Bare the Heart: An Autobiography of the Civil Rights Movement  By  James Farmer 
67.   Militant Mediator: Whitney M. Young, Jr.   By Dennis C. Dickerson
68.   Vernon Can Read! A Memoir     By Vernon E. Jordan, Jr.
69.   Sammy Young, Jr.: The FirstBlackCollege Student to Die in the Black Liberation Movement     By James Forman
70.   Black Power: The Politics of Liberation  By Kwame Ture (Stokely Carmichael) and Charles V. Hamilton
71.   Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.: The Political Biography of an American Dilemma  By Charles V. Hamilton
72.   Coming of Age in Mississippi      By Anne Moody
73.   Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., And The Southern Christian Leadership Conference   (1987 Pulitzer Prize for Biography)    By David J. Garrow
74.   Parting the Waters: America in the King Years, 1954-63  (Pulitzer Prize for History, 1988)     By Taylor Branch
75.   Pillar of Fire: America in the King Years, 1963-65   By Taylor Branch
76.   At Canaan's Edge: America in the King Years, 1965-1968     By Taylor Branch
77.   My Soul is Rested: Movement Days in the Deep South Remembered   By Howell Raines
78.   The Autobiography of Malcolm X
79.   Malcolm X: The FBI File      By Clayborne Carson
80.   The Muhammad Ali Reader  By Gerald Early
81.   The COINTELPRO Papers: Documents from the FBI's Secret Wars Against Dissent in the United StatesBy Ward Churchill and Jim Vander Wall
82.   Lion in the Lobby: Clarence Mitchell Jr.'s Struggle For the Passage of the Civil Rights Laws    By Denton L. Watson
83.   The Longest Debate:A Legislative History of the 1964 Civil Rights Act   By Charles Whalen and Barbara Whalen
84.   Protest at Selma: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Voting Rights Act of 1965;   By David J. Garrow
85.   The Informant: The FBI, the Ku Klux Klan, and the Murder of Viola Liuzzo    By Gary May
86.   In the Shadow of Selma: The Continuing Struggle for Civil Rights in the Rural South   By Cynthia Griggs Fleming
87.   Thurgood Marshall: Warrior at the Bar, Rebel on the Bench    By Michael D. Davis and Hunter R. Clark
88.   My Life With Martin Luther King, Jr.    By Coretta Scott King
89.   For Us, the Living      By Myrlie Evers with William Peters
90.   Standing Fast: The Autobiography of Roy Wilkins
91.   Jesse Jackson: The Man, The Myth, The Movement    By Barbara A. Reynolds
92.   The Essence of Fred Hampton  Edited by William Hampton, et al.
93.   Racial Matters: The FBI's Secret File on Black America 1960-1972  By Kenneth O'Reilly
94.   Voices of Freedom: An Oral History of the Civil Rights Movement from the 1950s through the 1980s  By Henry Hampton and Steve Fayer
95.   Open Wide Freedom's Gates: A Memoir     By Dorothy Height
96.   Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention By Manning Marable
97.   The Black West: A Documentary and Pictorial History   By William Loren Katz
98.   The Life and Adventures of Nat Love     By Nat Love
99.   The African American Century: How Black Americans Have Shaped Our Century   By Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
100.On the Road to Freedom: A Guided Tour of the Civil Rights Trail  By Charles E. Cobb, Jr
Pacific NW Carpenters Union

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  • When should we use military to enforce US goals? NASHUA, N.H. (AP) — Rand Paul lashed out Saturday at military hawks in the Republican Party in a clash over foreign policy dividing the packed GOP presidential field. Paul, a first-term senator from Kentucky who favors a smaller U.S. footprint in the world, said that some of his Republican colleagues would do more harm in international affairs than would leading Democrat Hillary Rodham Clinton. "The other Republicans will criticize the president and Hillary Clinton for their foreign policy, but they would just have done the same thing — just 10 times over," Paul said on the closing day of a New Hampshire GOP conference that brought about 20 presidential prospects to the first-in-the-nation primary state. "There's a group of folks in our party who would have troops in six countries right now, maybe more," Paul said. Foreign policy looms large in the presidential race as the U.S. struggles to resolve diplomatic and military conflicts across the globe. The GOP presidential class regularly rails against President Barack Obama's leadership on the world stage, yet some would-be contenders have yet to articulate their own positions, while others offered sharply different visions. Former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, whose brother, President George W. Bush, authorized the 2003 invasion of Iraq, declined to say whether he would have done anything different then. Yet Jeb Bush acknowledged a shift in his party against new military action abroad. "Our enemies need to fear us, a little bit, just enough for them to deter the actions that create insecurity," Bush said earlier in the conference. He said restoring alliances "that will create less likelihood of America's boots on the ground has to be the priority, the first priority of the next president." The GOP's hawks were well represented at the event, led by Florida Sen. Marco Rubio and Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker, who has limited foreign policy experience but articulated a muscular vision during his Saturday keynote address. Walker said the threats posed by radical Islamic terrorism won't be handled simply with "a couple bombings." "We're not going to wait till they bring the fight to us," Walker said. "We're going to bring the fight to them and fight on their soil." South Carolina Sen. Lindsey Graham addressed the question of putting U.S. troops directly in the battle against the Islamic State group militants by saying there is only one way to defeat the militants: "You go over there and you fight them so they don't come here." Texas Sen. Ted Cruz suggested an aggressive approach as well. "The way to defeat ISIS is a simple and clear military objective," he said. "We will destroy them." Businesswoman Carly Fiorina offered a similar outlook. "The world is a more dangerous and more tragic place when America is not leading. And America has not led for quite some time," she said. Under Obama, a U.S.-led coalition of Western and Arab countries is conducting regular airstrikes against Islamic State targets in Iraq and Syria. The U.S. also has hundreds of military advisers in Iraq helping Iraqi security forces plan operations against the Islamic State, which occupies large chunks of northern and western Iraq. Paul didn't totally reject the use of military force, noting that he recently introduced a declaration of war against the Islamic State group. But in an interview with The Associated Press, he emphasized the importance of diplomacy. He singled out Russia and China, which have complicated relationships with the U.S., as countries that could contribute to U.S. foreign policy interests. "I think the Russians and the Chinese have great potential to help make the world a better place," he said. "I don't say that naively that they're going to, but they have the potential to." Paul suggested the Russians could help by getting Syrian President Bashar Assad to leave power. "Maybe he goes to Russia," Paul said. Despite tensions with the U.S., Russia and China negotiated alongside Washington in nuclear talks with Iran. Paul has said he is keeping an open mind about the nuclear negotiations. "The people who already are very skeptical, very doubtful, may not like the president for partisan reasons," he said, and "just may want war instead of negotiations."
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